I am not much of a breakfast food person. I do agree breakfast is the most important meal of the day though I generally want something with protein requiring more time to prepare than I often have. The Costa Rican ‘Tico’ (locals) breakfast is just what the doctor ordered in my book. Eggs, mini corn tortillas, pico de gallo (freshly chopped salsa), fried plantains and what I think of as the unofficial national dish of Costa Rica: Gallo Pinto.
Gallo Pinto is a combination of rice and beans and means ‘spotted rooster’ when translated into English. The name undoubtedly pertaining to the spotty look of the rice when prepared with the beans. I’ve had it made with black beans and with red beans. Every cook and region touts their own recipe and it’s hard to get one’s hand on a personal recipe. I suspect there are family roots attached as well as frankly it’s probably not written down anywhere, but rather made by sight, feel and smell as it has been for years or even generations.
Authentic Costa Rican Gallo Pinto (beans and rice)
- ½ medium Onion , chopped
- 1 Bell Pepper , chopped
- 2 tablespoons Vegetable Oil
- 2 Garlic Cloves , chopped
- 2 cups cooked Black Beans
- 1/2 cup Bean Stock or ½ cup Chicken Stock if bean is not available
- 3 cups cooked White Rice
- Kosher Salt and Black Pepper to taste
- 2 tablespoons fresh Coriander (cilantro), chopped*
- Heavy cream (sour cream), if desired as topping
- Fry onion and bell pepper in vegetable oil, about 3 minutes.
- Add the garlic and sauté a bit more.
- Pour in the beans and the stock, bring to a simmer. Avoid the mixture drying up.
- Add in the rice and stir thoroughly, gently. Don’t mash the beans!
- Season to taste with salt and pepper.
- Right before serving stir in the coriander (fresh cilantro) and top with heavy cream (sour cream) if desired.
Recipe Notes*In the United States 'coriander' is the dried version of cilantro. In most of the rest of the world coriander is the combination of the fresh leaves and seeds of cilantro. For this recipe fresh cilantro should be used.
The wildlife of Costa Rica should not be missed. The country is the size of West Virginia and boasts more species of birds than the U.S. and Canada combined. The diversity of their animal species places Costa Rica as one of the most biodiverse countries anywhere in the world. Seeing the animals has been paramount in the trips I’ve taken and this one was no exception. This time we toured each on horseback and by boat which were great alternative methods.
Our hotel lies within a sprawling property known as Hacienda Pinilla which is comprised of hotels, personal residences and businesses. Everything is so spread apart you would not see another building unless you drive a decent distance by vehicle. We’ve seen Howler Monkeys in the trees on the drive in and the road is often stalled by Brahman cattle (the popular species for beef in Costa Rica) loitering along with horseback riding farmers.
I was cautioned to be thoughtful about where we got horses and found an Establo (professional equestrian center) on the grounds of Hacienda Pinilla. For $50 a rider we were outfitted with horses appropriate for the rider’s skill level, helmets and it was evident we did not need to double check the integrity of the saddling. The horses were healthy and well cared for.
We rode with two guides through the forest finding very loud Howler Monkeys overhead (who did not like our guide’s loud clapping sending them in to their loud, guttural frog-like vocalizing), iguanas and bats in an abandoned cistern. We ended on the top of a hill with a water tower allowing us to see as far as the eye could see in every direction. The trip culminated with a ride on the seashore and spry lope back to the stables (though the guide was very considerate of every rider’s abilities and comfort before suggesting this). It was great fun.
From our hotel the National Park of Palo Verde was a perfect choice for wildlife spotting. We organized a tour through the travel office in our hotel (tours were through Suisse Travel) and were comfortably shuttled to the park in about 1 ½ hours (with a stop at a traditional historic hacienda for some fruit, leg stretching and the view). We boarded covered boats on Tempisque river and with the help of our guide and skipper, both of whom where seasoned wildlife experts, we viewed crocodiles, howler monkeys, white faced capuchin monkeys, iguanas, basilisk or Jesus Christ lizards (named so as they can run atop the water), swinging bats, and several species of birds. We spent about 2 hours on the river with lots to see close by (we did not need binoculars though for closer viewing they were helpful).